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Comparative Analysis of Spouse’s Burden and Quality of Life in Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar I Disorder

Author(s):

Nayereh Maleki, Effat Sadeghian, Farshid Shamsaei*, Lily Tapak and Ali Ghaleiha   Pages 1 - 6 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: Spouses of patients with bipolar disorder may experience a different quality of life and burden than is seen with major depressive disorder. This study was conducted to comparative of spouse’s burden and quality of life in major depressive and bipolar disorders.

Method: This cross sectional study was conducted among 220 spouses of patients with major depressive and bipolar disorders in Hamadan of Iran, in 2018. Data collection tools included Zarit Burden and QOL-BREF questionnaires. Data were analyzed by t- test using SPSS -16.

Results: The findings showed that 11.8% of spouses of patients with depression and 85.5% of spouses with bipolar disorder experienced severe burden (P < 0.001). Quality of life in spouses of patients with bipolar disorder was less than depression disorder (P < 0.05). In both groups, a negative correlation was found between burden and QOL.

Conclusion: Spouses of patients with bipolar disorder experience more burden and lower quality of life than depression, in both groups, burden has a negative impact on quality of life. Professional help and supportive intervention can be provided to the spouses of patients with major depressive and bipolar I disorders to reduce their burden, strengthen the coping skill and thus improve their QOL.

Keywords:

Burden, quality of life, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorderBurden, quality of life, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorderBurden, quality of life, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder

Affiliation:

MSc of psychiatric nursing, Department of Nursing, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Assistant Professor, Chronic Diseases (Home Care) Research Centre, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Associate Professor, Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center ,Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan



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