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Comparative Analysis of Spouse’s Burden and Quality of Life in Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar I Disorder

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Nayereh Maleki, Effat Sadeghian, Farshid Shamsaei*, Lily Tapak and Ali Ghaleiha   Pages 193 - 198 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: Spouses of patients with bipolar disorder may experience a different quality of life and burden than seen with major depressive disorder.

Objective: This study was conducted to comparatively analyse spouse’s burden and quality of life in major depressive and bipolar disorders.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 220 spouses of patients with major depressive and bipolar disorders in the city of Hamadan in Iran, in 2018. Data collection tools included Zarit Burden and QOL-BREF questionnaires. Data were analyzed by a t-test using SPSS -16.

Results: The findings showed that 11.8% of spouses of patients with depression and 85.5% of spouses of patients with bipolar disorder experienced severe burden (P < 0.001). The quality of life of spouses of patients with bipolar disorder was lower than with depressive disorder (P < 0.05). In both the groups, a negative correlation was found between burden and QOL.

Conclusion: The spouses of patients with bipolar disorder experience more burden and lower quality of life than depression. In both the groups, burden has a negative impact on the quality of life. Professional help and supportive intervention can be provided to the spouses of patients with major depressive and bipolar I disorders to reduce their burden, strengthen their coping skill and thus improve their QOL.

Keywords:

Burden, quality of life, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, spouse, Zarit burden.

Affiliation:

Department of Nursing, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Chronic Diseases (Home Care) Research Centre, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan

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