Kyriaki Alexandraki, Vasileios Stavropoulos*, Emma Anderson, Mohammad Qasim Latifi and Rapson Gomez Pages 47 - 58 ( 12 )
Background: Pornography Use (PU) has been defined as the viewing of explicit materials in the form of pictures and videos, in which people are performing intercourse with clearly exposed and visible genitals. The prevalence of PU has increased dramatically among adolescents, partly attributed to the wide availability of such online material.
Objective: The aim of this systematic literature review is to map the research interest in the field and to examine whether statistically significant results have emerged from the areas of research focus.
Methods: To address these aims: a) the PRISMA guidelines are adopted and; b) an integrative conceptualization (derived from the merging of two widely accepted models of understanding of Internet use behaviours) was introduced to guide the synthesis of the findings.
Results: In total, 57 studies were integrated into the present literature review. Findings were conceptualized/ classified into individual, contextual and activity factors related to PU in adolescence. In that context, individual associated factors, such as development, victimization, mental health and religiosity, appear to have primarily captivated research interest demonstrating significant relationships with adolescent PU.
Conclusion: Results indicate that more research focus on contextual and activity related factors is required to improve the level of understanding of adolescent PU and to inform a more holistic conceptual framework of understanding of the phenomenon during adolescence that could potentially guide future research.
Pornography use, adolescence, literature review, prisma, individual factors, contextual factors, activity factors.
Specialized Unit for Assessment and Treatmemt of Sexual Offenders, Department of Justice, Victorian Government, Melbourne, The Cairnmillar Institute, School of Psychology, Melbourne, Department of Psychology, School of Health & Psychology, Federation University, Victoria, Department of Psychology, School of Health & Psychology, Federation University, Victoria, The Cairnmillar Institute, School of Psychology, Melbourne